Hypovolemia Shock: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment



Hypovolemia shock is normally an emergency situation whereby the heart is incapable of pumping the blood adequately to other parts of the body. This is usually caused by severe blood and fluid loss. This situation may lead to organ failure, which is also caused by the loss of approximately 25% of the blood volume. Additionally, this can be as a result of excessive bleeding from injuries, internal bleeding or cuts. The normal volume of blood in circulation may abruptly decline if an individual lose excess bodily fluids.

Symptoms include anxiety, agitation, rapid breathing, clammy skin, confusion, weakness, pale skin, and decline in urine output, rapid breathing and poor consciousness. In rare cases, this is disorder may be related with hypotension, rapid heartbeat and low body temperature. Therefore, an individual should seek medical consultation immediately.

Medical Causes of Hypovolemia

Hypovolemia may be caused several medical conditions such as extreme weight loss, Marasmus bleeding, dehydration, vomiting, heat stroke and protein energy malnutrition. Marasmus is a condition which is associated with extreme deficiency of calories and proteins. On the other hand, protein energy malnutrition is characterized by lack of sufficient protein intake in order to meet the body’s metabolic processes and needs.

Additional Causes of Hypovolemia

Additional causes of the Hypovolemic shock include excessive sweating, excessive alcohol consumption, use of diuretic, use of vasodilators, blood donation, severe burns and use of the ACE inhibitors. Severe burns normally cause the excessive loss of fluid and edema. Vasodilators are medications that are intended to dilate the blood vessels


Hypovolemia shock treatment options available for Hypovolemia depend solely on the severity. These severity symptoms include fluids by mouth, IV fluids, oxygen dopamine, dopamine, epinephrine, blood transfusion, thrombolytic, and plasma transfusion. Additionally, there are several medications to treat the condition. These are diphenhydramine, H-2 blockers, dobutamine, H-1 blockers, calcium gluconate, B2 blockers, norephinephrine, albuterol, naloxone, glucagon, cimetidine and phenylephrine.

If the disorder is left unattended, it may lead to death. Normally, lack of fluids and blood in the body causes heart attack, damage to internal organs and gangrene of the legs or arms.

Information Source – http://www.hxbenefit.com/hypovolemia.html

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